Turing 1948 essay intelligent machinery

a. m. turing (1950) computing machinery and intelligence. mind 49: 433-460.

This can therefore work in favour of a competing machine. In fact, in this experiment, the P-Type controllers were explicitly constructed so as to cooperate and provide a single "agency" capable of reducing four primitive physiological and social drives derived from the Maslow Hierarchy of Needs Maslow Figure 5 shows the icon hosts in their maze at start-up as large predatory blue "bugs" and a food species of smaller red "bugs".

Note: this makes a P-Type a sequence learner.

the essential turing pdf

Together, these represent almost all of the major problems that artificial intelligence research would like to solve. The shortest write is just one behavior, or policy, long. Taken from Roulythe icon-mouse experiment, Figure 6 shows the results of the second of two, trial runs of the "mouse" in its "enclosure.

turing test essay

Also, the "bugs" experiment with the maze stressed the spatial learning capacities of the icon-hosts. The essay contained an early discussion of neural networks. In all cases, non-adaptive "tentative" behaviors are purged from their respective queues and are not recorded in the Transducer s if painful affect is encountered.

Computing machinery and intelligence bibtex

For reference, post-mortem analysis of their Transducer contents revealed these "mice" had learned it was best to stay near the food and not to explore their enclosure. Such questions reveal the precise details of the human embodiment of thought and can unmask a computer unless it experiences the world as humans do. The icon bugs enjoyed a haptic modality, a simulated olfactory sense, but no vision. The first experiment involved a simple icon-mouse embodied as a mobile virtual agent situated in a simulated, 8-corner Hull enclosure. A and C are to be rather poor chess players, B is the operator who works the paper machine. The replication experiments described here extended the P-Type Unorganised Machine and used it as part of larger machine intelligence research projects. The tape is divided into squares, each square bearing a single symbol 0 or 1, for example. In fact, in this experiment, the P-Type controllers were explicitly constructed so as to cooperate and provide a single "agency" capable of reducing four primitive physiological and social drives derived from the Maslow Hierarchy of Needs Maslow
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Machine intelligence using P